The Hmong is a Southeast Asian highland people predominantly hill farmers, raising livestock and cultivating rice and other grain for their needs. The Hmong traces their ancestry back to China and claim China to be their native homeland. They are relatively new arrivals on the SE Asian peninsula, many moving south in order to avoid harassment by Chinese emperors.

Today, there are more than nine million Hmong people living in China ( Ghizou, Yunnan, Hunan). They are also in Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, and Burma. Animism is the basis of belief for most Hmong people, including the practice of ancestral worship and shamanism. These beliefs and practices of the Hmong are more than just believing but rather a way of life and foundation for their existence. Although traditional beliefs remain important, many have taken Christianity as a new system of belief.

The name Hmong means “free people. “Other names that refer to the Hmong such as Meo or Miao, are considered derogatory. The Hmong people are noted for their elaborate silver jewelry and distinctive costumes which represent the clan and region they are from. A major event where these things are most noticeable is during the New Year celebration.


An amendment passed in 1976, by the American Government made it possible for many Hmong people to come to the United States as refugees. Granted the right as legal aliens and the chance to become American citizens, many made their new home in the US. Some also made their way to different countries in the world that include Australia, Canada, France, Germany, French Guiana, and Argentina.


There are more than 300 thousand Hmong people living in the United States today. The three states that have the most number of Hmong people are listed in descending order California, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. Life in the United States marks a new horizon and opens a better way life, but many will a carry with them a silent pain of those loved ones left behind and lost to the war for generation to come.

Today, 5 percent of the Hmong population has been reached by the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the United States. Not only is there chance for a new life in a different country, but through Jesus Christ there is everlasting life in God’s kingdom. At the start of 1975, the Southern Baptist and other Christian denominations began to sponsor Hmong refugees coming to the United States. This eventually led to many Hmong people coming to know Jesus and the start of Hmong churches throughout the United States.


The influence and leadership of the Southern Baptist have been the reason for the many Hmong people who have given their lives to Jesus Christ and the start of Hmong speaking churches across the United States. Among those leaders, Rev. Joshua Vang was the first Hmong leader appointed by the Home Mission Board as Ethnic Missionary for the Indochina refugees in the U.S.A. He was the one who coordinated the joining of Lao and Hmong with the Southern Baptist in 1976.


1982 marked a new beginning for Hmong Southern Baptist Churches in the United States. Many churches were established and many others planted through the help of the Southern Baptist and their leadership. With this transition in progress many churches were facing difficulties such as a language barrier, lack of printed material, and finding a place to worship. In 1991, leaders from each Hmong Baptist church came together in Kansas City, Kansas to discuss and organize an office that would act as coordinator office for all the churches. The Hmong Baptist Fellowship came into existence through the people’s recognition for guidance and leadership. Pastor Tong Zong Vang was elected as the first executive director of Hmong Baptist National Association which is located in St. Paul, Minnesota.